The Kapha dosha is made up of earth and water. Because of this, people with dominant Kapha have cool and moist qualities in their bodies and minds. They have dense bodies, solid musculature and stocky bones. They have luxurious thick hair and their skin tends be soft and smooth. They are usually calm, thoughtful and compassionate. Loyal, steady and able to be calm under pressure makes them great at getting the job done.
The main sign of Kapha imbalance is weight gain caused by heavy, sweet foods. This often leads to lethargy and lack of motivation. Digestion may be slow, leading to heaviness or sleepiness after eating. The excess moisture in the bodies of people with Kapha imbalance is exacerbated by cold, damp weather and a sedentary lifestyle. Other common signs of a Kapha imbalance are colds, excess mucus, and congestion.
Because of their strong, solid constitutions, Kapha people tend to be naturally healthy. Gaining weight which can prove difficult to lose, may be their main challenge along with other health issues related to excess weight. The quality that Kapha excels in is steadiness and consistency. Once they commit to a proper Kapha balancing diet and exercise program, they will keep at it and thrive.
We are all a combination of all three types, but our bodies usually have stronger traits of one or two of the types. Thus we have Pitta-Vata, Pitta-apha, Vata-Kapha, and Tridoshic (all three) body types as well.